從1分錢到2.3億 世界首枚郵票「黑便士」將拍賣

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The worlds first postage stamp, the Penny Black, is displayed at Sothebys in Hong Kong on October 26, 2021, ahead of its auction in London on December 7 that is expected to fetch between 5.5 million to 8.2 million USD. - RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY MENTION OF THE ARTIST UPON PUBLICATION - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION (Photo by ISAAC LAWRENCE / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY MENTION OF THE ARTIST UPON PUBLICATION - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY MENTION OF THE ARTIST UPON PUBLICATION - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION (Photo by ISAAC LAWRENCE/AFP via Getty Images)
史上首枚郵票「黑便士」26日在香港展出。圖片來源:Getty Images

史上第一枚郵票「黑便士」(The Penny Black)將在12月初由蘇富比拍賣,估價高達825萬美元(約新台幣2.3億元)。郵票上印有英國維多莉亞女王的頭像,附在一份1840年4月10日的文件上,該文件屬英國郵政改革先驅華萊士(Robert Wallace)所有;「黑便士」是世界首枚公開發行的固定面額郵票,讓英國民眾得以以統一費率將郵件寄到全國各地,此前由收件人支付郵費,郵票銷售超過6800萬枚。

此枚郵票據信為首版印刷郵票,編號A-1,同批郵票倖存的另外2枚則由英國郵政博物館(British Postal Museum)收藏;其上使用的是維多莉亞女王15歲的側面肖像,沿用了60多年,直至1901年女王去世。蘇富比表示此為郵票的先驅,毫無疑問是現今集郵史上最重要的郵票,開啟了現代為人熟知的郵政系統。

郵票所有者、集郵家霍利奧克(Alan Holyoake)指出:「華萊士的簽名、還有日期等,證明這就是史上首枚郵票。」更強調郵票意義非凡,「開啟了民眾溝通的大門。」他大約在10年前獲得這此珍品,之後花費了約3年的時間確定真偽,並獲得英國皇家集郵協會(The Royal Philatelic Society)及英國集郵協會(British Philatelic Association)的認證。

The World's first postage stamp, a Penny Black, is seen on display ahead of auction at Sotheby's in London, Britain, October 19, 2021. Picture taken October 19, 2021. REUTERS/Hannah McKay
本次拍賣的郵票據信是現存的3枚「黑便士」之一,另外2枚由英國郵政博物館(British Postal Museum)收藏。圖片來源:Getty images
A staff member points to the worlds first postage stamp, the Penny Black, at Sothebys in Hong Kong on October 26, 2021, ahead of its auction in London on December 7 that is expected to fetch between 5.5 million to 8.2 million USD. - RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY MENTION OF THE ARTIST UPON PUBLICATION - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION (Photo by ISAAC LAWRENCE / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY MENTION OF THE ARTIST UPON PUBLICATION - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY MENTION OF THE ARTIST UPON PUBLICATION - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION (Photo by ISAAC LAWRENCE/AFP via Getty Images)
史上首枚郵票「黑便士」及文件將於12月初拍賣。圖片來源:Getty Images

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