達芬奇畫作中的女人是武則天

王嬋娟
·7 分鐘 (閱讀時間)

The woman in Leonardo da Vinci’s paintings is Empress Wu (Wu Zetian).Specific analysis as follows:
達芬奇畫中的女人是武則天,大膽分析如下:

The Last Supper depicts the power struggle between Emperor Li Zhi and Empress Wu Zetian.

Color is a very important hint. In the center of the picture.The man and woman in red and blue robes were a couple. Red yellow and blue are the three primary colors. The combination of red and blue is actually alluding to yellow.Yellow is the special color for Chinese emperors.The dress means their identitythey are an emperor and an empress. The “God” Emperor Li Zhi was in poor health . The royal court was full of disputes and conflicts about the arrangement after his death.

《最後的晚餐》描繪的是李治和武則天之間的權力鬥爭。圖中中央的身著紅藍長袍的男女是一對夫妻,色彩是一個很重要的暗示,紅黃藍是三原色,紅藍色的搭配其實是暗指黃色,這是中國龍袍的顏色,畫中央坐著中國的一對帝王夫婦。紅藍兩色在兩者的長袍上左右搭配相反,意味著兩者產生了對立,以這兩人為中心,畫面中所有的人物都分為了左右兩側,人物的對立,代表著中國朝廷分成了兩派。左側是圖中女性(武則天)的後黨,右側是忠於李唐的舊勢力。

當時,“上帝”(李治)即將要以死亡地方式,退出歷史的舞臺。受武后籠絡的後黨一派團結一致,而李唐的舊勢力則對武后有激烈的爭議,部分人甚至直接頂撞李治以反對其讓權於武后。所有的矛盾衝突,躍然紙上。

圖中背景高大的宴席廳代表著李唐的朝廷。

Mona Lisa is a close-up of Wu Zetian when Li Zhi died. The black clothing implies Chinese traditional white funeral clothing. Empress Wu Zetian has a complex because she should maintain the sorrow at the funeral but she was really happy for her time was comingat the same time she was observing all changes and planning the future in her heart .

Mona Lisa《蒙娜麗莎》是李治駕崩時,武則天的特寫。黑色的服裝暗指中國傳統白色的喪服。丈夫去世後的她本應悲傷,但又充滿喜悅,因為屬於她的時代終於要到了,而葬禮上的她必須不動聲色(心中暗喜,卻要維持著葬禮上應有的哀傷),同時心裡還著下一盤大棋,謀劃著自己的未來,才會流露出如此複雜,常人難以理解的表情。她的背後是萬里江山,顯示了她想要獨坐天下的野心。

The Virgin of the Rocks depicts the situation after Li Zhi ’s death.Black clothes means Wu Zetian’s husband Li Zhi was diesbut she has not yet become the empress.

At this timeWu Zetian has two sons and a daughter. The two babies in the picture refer to Li Xian and Li Dan controlled by Wu Zetian.They were incompetent puppets and pushed to the throne then abolished by their mother.The naked image means their incompetenceweakness and have no power.

The girl means Princess Taiping. She was more mature and powerful than her brothers. From the body language and color of clothes it is obvious that she was very active in politics and had the ambition to be an empress.

《岩間聖母》描繪的是李治死後的局勢,此時的武則天有兩個兒子和一個女兒。圖中的兩個嬰兒是指被武則天控制的李顯和李旦,這兩人與其說是皇帝,不如說是一絲不掛,毫無能力的傀儡,所以用嬰兒來指代。他們先後被推上皇位又被廢掉,就像畫中武則天舉手投足的動作,一隻手壓下去一個,另一隻手準備提上另一個,翻雲覆雨地操控著弱小的他們。

女孩代表太平公主,她比兩位兄長更成熟和強勢,從紅藍的服裝配色上可以看出,她有著效仿母親成為女帝的野心,指手畫腳的姿態流露出她的驕傲自信和對政治的積極參與,但顯然以她公主的身份還不足以站到畫面的中央。權力鬥爭的焦點還是集中在母子三人身上。

畫的背景是一個環境複雜的幽暗山洞,寓意著處於困境中的深宮,其中的鬥爭險象環生,充滿變數。

Leda and the Swan depict the relationship between Wu Zetian and her lovers.

After Wu Zetian became the empress she created an institution called ” Cranes Bureau” to recruit beautiful men for enjoyment. Birds are used to refer to beautiful men. The birds in the picture are Wu Zetian’s famous lovers.

The big goose in the picture is Xue Huaiyi he is Wu Zetian’s first lover. He was very powerful and ambitious made many changes at that time. The forces opposing Wu Zetian are afraid of himeven included Wu Xiantian’s two sons (the two babies in the picture).

The other birds in the picture refer to Wu Zetian’s other lovers including the two Zhang’s brothers. These loves have very different personalities and behaviors from Xue Huaiyi. They are all docile and obedient.

《莉妲與天鵝》描繪的是武則天與其男寵之間的關係。

在武則天稱帝后,她創立了“控鶴監”用於招募天下美男子。因此鳥類被用來代指俊美的男性。

圖中碩大的天鵝指武則天的第一位男寵薛懷義。他既是武則天的男寵又是政治夥伴,當時,他權傾朝野,不擇手段,大肆打壓反武勢力,甚至包括武則天的兩個親生兒子(圖中的兩個嬰兒)。畫中的武則天對兩位皇子流露出了憐愛之情,但又和薛懷義因男女關係而統一戰線,對他們不予撫育和保護。

圖中其他的小鳥指武則天其他的男寵,如二張兄弟等。薛懷義死前曾火燒明堂,震動天下,在此之後武則天為避免重蹈覆轍,招收的男寵性格均為溫順乖巧的金絲雀型,目的僅供玩樂,不再委以軍國重任。因此幾位後期的男寵都用小鳥來指代。

畫面背景輕鬆愉悅,充滿了享樂主義。

Lady with an Ermine depict the relationship between Wu Zetian and Di Renjie(狄仁傑). The ermine was used to imply Di Renjie for two reasons. FirstDi Renjie is called ”Old Fox” by Wu Zetian. The animals in the painting are similar to the prototype.SecondDi Rrenjie has a story of giving ermine to his servant. Di Renjie was loyal to Wu Zetian but still wants to restore the Tang Dynasty. So the ermine showed the loyalty and bravery to protect his master but have different opinions with the womanit wanted to break free and make changes.

《抱貂的女子》描繪的是武則天與狄仁傑之間的關係。用貂指代狄仁傑有多個原因,

狄仁傑被武則天稱為“老狐狸”,形容他處事的圓滑精明。狄仁傑有著裘皮贈下人的典故。圖中對於一個人形容,既要同類指代,同時更要通過這種動物的屬性來描繪其人物的特徵。狄仁傑對武則天沒有狗一般的忠誠,但為人正直可靠,並不似狐狸一般奸猾弄巧。所以用貂是最準確的描繪。

狄仁傑既是復興李唐的一代名臣,也是武則天的最大寵臣,雖然狄仁傑給了武則天很大的支持與幫助,但在政治立場上他一心想要的是還政于李唐。兩人亦敵亦友的關係在圖中淋漓盡致的展現了出來。女人既懷抱著寵愛這只貂,表情卻流露出對它的不滿,甚至生氣,怨惱。貂既在勇敢地保護著主人,又想要脫離懷抱,去追尋自己心中所想。

圖畫沒有背景,目的是全然地突出兩人內心的糾結和關係的微妙。

This is just a preface. I will announce more important issues later. Stay tuned for the next article.Thanks for reading.
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圖一:The Last Supper
圖二:Mona Lisa
圖三:The Virgin of the Rocks]