【2月24日】看軍聞學英語

青年日報社
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■刀客

原文:

During World War II, British mathematician Alan Turing, regarded as the father of modern computing, led a team at Britain's Bletchley Park code breaking center, which cracked the cipher system in 1941.

The breakthrough helped the Allies decipher crucial radio messages about German military operations. Historians estimate that it shortened the war by about two years. Only hubris led to the Nazi code being cracked: the insistence on signing some messages with ‘HH’(Heil Hitler) ultimately provided the weak spot that the code breakers were able to exploit.

The story of Turing and his team was made into a 2014 movie called The Imitation Game, starring Oscar-nominated UK actor Benedict Cumberbatch.

中譯:

二戰期間,被視為現代電腦之父的英國數學家圖靈,帶領英國布萊切利莊園密碼破解中心團隊,於1941年破解了這個密碼系統。

此一突破,有助於同盟國破解有關德軍行動的重要電訊。歷史學家推測,此舉讓這場戰爭縮短約2年時間。納粹德國密碼之所以遭破解,全源自其傲慢自大,此乃代表「希特勒萬歲」的雙H密語,一直不斷標示在某些電訊上,最終成為密碼破解員得以充分利用的弱點。

圖靈及其團隊的故事,於2014年被改編為電影《模仿遊戲》,擔綱主演的英國男星康柏拜區,獲奧斯卡提名。

-關鍵軍語-

※cipher:

A system of words, letters, numbers or other symbols, used to write secret messages.

※decipher:

To convert a text written in code, or a coded signal into normal language.

例句:

Cipher machines have commonly been used to encipher and decipher messages.

密碼機已被普遍用來進行訊息的加密及解密。