Indian officials said verification after each step of disengagement would be the key for the long process to go forward. While aerial monitoring, using UAV, would be done, on the ground, verification at each step would also be done to ensure that the Chinese fully honor the understanding.
On the south bank of Pangong Tso, both sides had deployed tanks and armored vehicles in close proximity, within few hundred meters, after tensions went up end of last August.
During the ninth round of talks held on January 24, both sides were discussing a broad disengagement plan that had been worked out but held up over some specific issues. The talks took place after a long delay with the previous round held on November 6 last year.
As part of the first phase of disengagement last June, both sides had pulled back troops by equal distance from Patrolling Points （PP） 14 in Galwan valley and PP15 in Hot Springs. It was during the disengagement at Galwan that violent clashes occurred.
Unmanned aerial vehicles.
The end points along the undefined LAC.
Patrolling Points, identified and marked on the Line of Actual Control（LAC）, are patrolled with a stipulated frequency by the security forces.
Advice and reprehension require the utmost delicacy; and painful truths should be delivered in the softest terms.--William Cowper