【4月17日】看軍聞學英語

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■刀客

原文:

The Marine Corps is redesigning the 2030 force for naval expeditionary warfare in actively contested spaces. Developing a force that incorporates emerging technologies and a significant change to force structure within the current resource constraints will require the Marine Corps to become smaller and remove legacy capabilities.

The future Fleet Marine Force requires a transformation from a legacy force to a modernized force with new organic capabilities. The FMF in 2030 will allow the Navy and Marine Corps to restore the strategic initiative and to define the future of maritime conflict by capitalizing on new capabilities to deter conflict and dominate inside the enemy's weapon engagement zone.

中譯:

美國陸戰隊正重新規劃2030年的兵力,俾在競爭激烈的場域遂行海上遠征作戰。陸戰隊要發展成一支具有新興技術的部隊,並在現有資源限制下,進行兵力結構重大改變,就必須要縮編,而且要揚棄舊有能力。

未來的艦隊陸戰隊必須從舊有兵力,轉型成具備新機能的現代化部隊。2030年的艦隊陸戰隊將會讓海軍及陸戰隊恢復戰略主動權,更要利用新的能力來遏阻衝突,並在敵武器接戰區內取得主導權,從而定義海上衝突的未來。

-關鍵軍語-

※expeditionary warfare:

The deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.

※force structure:

Numbers, size, and composition of the units that comprise defense forces.

例句:

Army has no plans to curtail personnel growth or cut force structure.

陸軍沒有削減人員增長或削減兵力結構的計畫。