【4月28日】看軍聞學英語

青年日報社
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原文:

The COMPTUEX scrimmages included, for the first time in recent memory, scenarios with SEAL team sailors and Marines to test how they and a carrier strike group would support one another.

The exercises included live fire onshore, with the strike group's sailors providing over-the-horizon targeting and directing combat aircraft in close-air support for SEALs onshore. In addition, the strike group practiced the complexities of coordinated operations with an expeditionary strike force of an amphibious assault ship and the Marines they bring to hostile shores.

That practice was with a virtual expeditionary force-ships and Marines that lived within the computer screens, software and radio communications systems of the Eisenhower strike group. The strike group also practiced operating with another carrier-centered task force-though this one, like the expeditionary group, was virtual. Such combined strike group operations are what the most intensive confrontation with great power navies would almost certainly involve.

中譯:

在最近的印象中,「混合訓練單位演習」攻防演練,首次將海豹特遣隊成員及陸戰隊員納入想定,以測試渠等與航艦打擊群能否相互支援。

該操演包括岸上實彈射擊,並由打擊群艦上官兵提供超視距目標鎖定,引導戰鬥機為岸上的海豹特遣隊進行密接空中支援。此外,打擊群與兩棲突擊艦搭載的遠征支隊,以及搶灘上敵岸的陸戰隊員,就協同作戰的複雜度進行演練。

參與該演練的遠征部隊艦艇及陸戰隊員,皆為虛擬,僅出現在「艾森豪號」航艦打擊群的電腦螢幕、軟體及無線電通信系統中。該航艦打擊群亦與另一艘航艦特遣部隊進行作戰演練;而誠如前揭遠征支隊一樣,此特遣部隊也是虛擬的。此類打擊群聯合作戰,在與大國海軍進行最激烈的對抗時,極有可能會派上用場。

-關鍵軍語-

※COMPTUEX:

Composite Training Unit Exercise.

※close-air support:

The use of air assets to assist and aid ground units.

例句:

Close air support (CAS)-sometimes called tactical air support-gave American ground forces a tremendous military advantage during World War II.

二戰期間,密接空中支援(有時亦稱為戰術空中支援),給予美軍地面部隊極大的軍事優勢。

嘉.言.語.錄

Diminish your demands, especially on others.--Leo C. Rosten

要求不要太多,尤其不要苛求他人。--里歐·羅斯敦

(圖:取自DVIDS網站)