【6月19日】看軍聞學英語

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■刀客

原文:

In the conflict between Israel and Palestine, both sides have taken to air strikes and rocket attacks. On Tuesday evening, videos on social media showed rockets fired from Gaza being intercepted by the Israeli Iron Dome air defense system. It appeared that the rockets were hitting an invisible shield.

Iron Dome is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defense system that includes a radar and Tamir interceptor missiles that track and neutralize any rockets or missiles aimed at Israeli targets. It is used for countering rockets, artillery & mortars (C-RAM) as well as aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles.

The genesis of the Iron Dome goes back to the 2006 Israeli-Lebanon war, when the Hezbollah fired thousands of rockets into Israel. The following year, Israel announced that its state-run Rafael Advance Systems would come up with a new air defense system to protect its cities and people. It was developed with Israel Aerospace Industries.

中譯:

以色列與巴勒斯坦雙方在衝突中,均有遭受空襲及火箭彈襲擊。週二傍晚,社群媒體上的錄影畫面顯示,從加薩發射的火箭彈被以色列「鐵穹」防空系統攔截,看起來就好像火箭彈群擊中的是一個隱形的防護罩一樣。

「鐵穹」係一短程地對空防空系統,配有雷達及「塔米爾」攔截飛彈,可以追蹤並消滅所有攻向以色列的火箭彈或飛彈,用於反制火箭、火砲暨迫砲,以及飛機、直升機及無人機等。

「鐵穹」的源起,可追溯到2006年的以色列─黎巴嫩戰爭,當時真主黨向以色列發射了數千枚火箭彈。隔年,以色列便宣布,其國營事業的拉斐爾先進系統集團,會推出一種新式防空系統來保護以國城市與人民。該系統係與以色列航太工業集團共同開發而成。(第11篇/共13篇)

-關鍵軍語-

※conflict:

A state of hostility or war.

※neutralize:

A euphemistic way of saying kill or destroy, esp. in a covert or military operation.

※mortar:

A short, smoothbore gun for firing shells at high angles.

例句:

Armenian forces used mortars and artillery in the conflict zone overnight despite the cease-fire.

亞美尼亞部隊不顧停火協議,徹夜於衝突地區運用迫砲及火砲進行攻擊。

新聞來源:印度快報(The Indian Express)

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--伊凡·伊薩爾

(取材自達志影像/美聯社資料照片)