Indonesia has a fleet of five submarines and plans to operate at least eight by 2024. It is the world’s largest archipelago nation, with more than 17,000 islands, and has faced growing challenges to its maritime claims in recent years, including numerous incidents involving Chinese vessels near the Natuna islands.
Recently, dozens of Chinese fishing boats, escorted by coastguard vessels, reportedly made more aggressive moves and ignored Indonesian warnings to leave.
The incident comes at a tense time for Indonesian security forces. The 1,300-tonne KRI Nanggala 402 is a Type 209 diesel-electric attack submarine that was built in Germany. The same model has served in more than a dozen navies around the world over the past half-century. Its construction began in 1978 and Indonesia took delivery in October 1981.
The KRI Nanggala had undergone several upgrades. It was refitted in 1989 in Germany and then in 2012 in South Korea, with part of its structure replaced and upgrades to its propulsion, sonar and weapons systems.
A sea of stretch of water containing many islands.
To act as a companion or guard.
The aircraft was escorted out of the restricted area by the NORAD fighter jets without further incident.
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