通知拜登交接 美官員:不代表他勝選

·5 分鐘 (閱讀時間)

國際中心/黃朝郁報導

美國總統川普力拼連任失敗,雖然負責法定政權交接事務的聯邦總務署(General Services Administration)署長墨菲(Emily Murphy)在23日時致函通知拜登團隊可以開始準備政權交接,被認為是川普陣營在釋出善意,但川普到目前為止仍不承認自己敗選,堅持認為大選過程不公,並聲稱掌握舞弊證據,而墨菲的「交接通知書」也被公開,內容強調「這不代表你是總統大選的勝選者」,引起網友討論。

拜登被通知可準備政權交接相關事宜。(圖/翻攝自joebiden IG)
拜登被通知可準備政權交接相關事宜。(圖/翻攝自joebiden IG)

綜合外媒報導,本次大選結果顯示,川普與拜登在多個搖擺州的票數非常接近,雖然經過手工計票、討論後,各州都認為由拜登勝出沒有問題,但川普拒絕接受此結果,堅稱已經掌握選舉舞弊的相關證據,而日前賓州的選務官員才剛宣布拜登勝出,拿下賓州的20張選舉人票,但沒多久又被法官下達緊急命令,要求暫停任何對選舉結果的認證,也引發各界對於選舉結果是否會被推翻的質疑。

雖然美國時間23日時,墨菲就已通知拜登團隊可以開始準備交接事宜,不過她在通知信內表示,根據總統交接相關的法令,自己沒有權力決定誰才是勝選的一方,她是基於近日社會大眾對於選舉結果的發展才決定寄發通知書,強調真正的勝選者還是要由美國憲法及聯邦法律等來判定。

通知書全文:

Dear Mr. Biden:

As the Administrator of the U.S. General Services Administration, I have the ability under the Presidential Transition Act of 1963, as amended, to make certain post-election resources and services available to assist in the event of a presidential transition. See 3 U.S.C. § 102 note (the "Act"). I take this role seriously and, because of recent developments involving legal challenges and certifications of election results, am transmitting this letter today to make those resources and services available to you.

I have dedicated much of my adult life to public service, and I have always strived to do what is right. Please know that I came to my decision independently, based on the law and available facts. I was never directly or indirectly pressured by any Executive Branch official—including those who work at the White House or GSA—with regard to the substance or timing of my decision.To be clear, I did not receive any direction to delay my determination. I did, however, receive threats online, by phone, and by mail directed at my safety, my family, my staff, and even my pets in an effort to coerce me into making this determination prematurely. Even in the face of thousands of threats, I always remained committed to upholding the law.

Contrary to media reports and insinuations, my decision was not made out of fear or favoritism. Instead, I strongly believe that the statute requires that the GSA Administrator ascertain, not impose, the apparent president-elect. Unfortunately, the statute provides no procedures or standards for this process, so I looked to precedent from prior elections involving legal challenges and incomplete counts. GSA does not dictate the outcome of legal disputes and recounts, nor does it determine whether such proceedings are reasonable or justified. These are issues that the Constitution, federal laws, and state laws leave to the election certification process and decisions by courts of competent jurisdiction. I do not think that an agency charged with improving federal procurement and property management should place itself above the constitutionally-based election process. I strongly urge Congress to consider amendments to the Act.

As you know, the GSA Administrator does not pick or certify the winner of a presidential election. Instead, the GSA Administrator’s role under the Act is extremely narrow: to make resources and services available in connection with a presidential transition. As stated, because of recent developments involving legal challenges and certifications of election results, I have determined that you may access the post-election resources and services described in Section 3 of the Act upon request. The actual winner of the presidential election will be determined by the electoral process detailed in the Constitution.

Section 7 of the Act and Public Law 116-159, dated October 1, 2020, which provides continuing appropriations until December 11, 2020, makes $6,300,000 available to you to carry out the provisions of Section 3 of the Act. In addition, $1,000,000 is authorized, pursuant to Public Law 116-159, to provide appointee orientation sessions and a transition directory. I remind you that Section 6 of the Act imposes reporting requirements on you as a condition for receiving services and funds from GSA.

If there is anything we can do to assist you, please contact Ms. Mary D. Gibert, the Federal Transition Coordinator.

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