【1月23日】看軍聞學英語

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■刀客

原文:

With the right investments, Marines at expeditionary advanced bases in Norway, Iceland and Greenland could create what the commandant referred to as an anti-submarine warfare fence that would bottle Russian submarines in the Norwegian Sea, keeping them out of the North Atlantic.

The same concept could be applied to the First Island Chain in the western Pacific. Close, confined seas may offer more opportunities for Marines to sense and strike Chinese ships and submarines.

Marine expeditionary advanced bases could also assist Navy aircraft that currently hunt for submarines, such as the P-8 Poseidon, providing air defense and combat air patrol. The aircraft could stop off at forward-postured Marine bases until Navy ships move into position.

中譯:

有了適切的投資,位於挪威、冰島、格陵蘭等遠征前進基地的陸戰隊員,就能創建陸戰隊司令所謂的反潛作戰阻柵,將俄國潛艦封鎖在挪威海內,使之無法進入北大西洋。

相同的概念可以運用於西太平洋的第一島鏈。封閉、狹窄的海域,能讓陸戰隊員有更多的機會,對中共船隻及潛艦實施偵知及打擊。

目前用來偵搜潛艦的海軍飛機,諸如P-8「海神」海上巡邏機等,亦可由陸戰隊遠征前進基地,提供防空及戰鬥空中巡邏等協助。這些飛機可在各個前置陸戰隊基地暫時留滯,直到海軍艦艇到達定位。

-關鍵軍語-

※combat air patrol:

Fighters flying a tactical pattern around or screening a defended target, while looking for incoming attackers.

例句:

Combat air patrol aims to intercept and destroy hostile aircraft before they reach their target.

戰鬥空中巡邏之目的,係在敵機到達目標前即予攔截並摧毀之。