【6月23日】看軍聞學英語

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■刀客

原文:

Marin Gilbert, in his book titled The Day the War Ended: May 8, 1945 -Victory in Europe, explains that the discovery of the concentration camps horrified Supreme Allied Commander in Europe Dwight D. Eisenhower, and he quickly alerted Congress of the grim discovery. Throughout April, Allied forces liberated camps and sent remaining German troops scurrying.

Gilbert states,‘On April 21, the Germans evacuated the concentration camp at Sachsenhausen, 18 miles north of Berlin, marching the inmates towards the Elbe. One of the marchers, the Czech-born Kurt Cierer, then 19, recalled, 'We could tell the end of the war was coming; all along the way we saw signs that the German Army was crumbling.'’

中譯:

吉爾伯特在他所著《戰爭結束之日:1945年5月8日—歐洲的勝利》一書詳述,同盟國歐洲最高指揮官艾森豪將軍,對發現集中營一事至為震驚,並立即通報國會這個慘絕人寰的發現。整個4月間,同盟國部隊都在解放集中營,並讓殘存德軍倉皇逃竄。

吉爾伯特提到,4月21日那天,德國人撤離柏林以北18英里的薩克森豪森集中營,並將收容人趕往易北河。出生於捷克的西耶爾,當時19歲,也在被驅趕行列中,回憶起那時「我們幾可判斷戰爭即將結束,我們沿途都可看到德國軍隊正處於崩潰的跡象。」

-關鍵軍語-

※concentration camp:

Internment center for people confined usually by executive decree or military order.

例句:

Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.

納粹德國在第二次世界大戰前及戰爭期間,對其所管控的領土都設有集中營。